This video shows how to use the set model to represent the fraction 3/4 with two-colored counting chips and clips. Individual chips within the set, represent the fractional parts. It is important that students be exposed to the set model because fractions in real-world settings are often represented this way.
This video shows how to use the set model to represent fractions, such as 1/2. In the set model, the whole is represented by a set of objects, such as two-colored chips. Individual chips within the set, represent the fractional parts. It is important that students be exposed to the set model because fractions in real-world settings are often represented this way.
This video demonstrates how to use fraction circles to help students compare the value of several fractions with different numerators and denominators. The use of direct modeling with concrete manipulatives, such as fractions circles, allows students to develop conceptual understanding of fractions before they attempt to compare fractions without concrete manipulatives or pictorial representations. After students have had multiple opportunities to practice comparing fractions with concrete manipulatives, they may be ready to use other strategies such as mental images and reasoning strategies.
This video illustrates three different models for representing fractions: length, area, and set. Different concrete tools are available to illustrate the different fraction models including fraction tiles, fraction circles, Cuisenaire Rods, Geoboards, and different colored objects such as chips or clips. Many students struggle with fractions; for this reason, students should have multiple opportunities to explore fractions with a variety of models. When students understand how to use concrete models, they will develop the skills that are necessary to develop mental models and reasoning strategies related to fractions. Students should also have the opportunity to use different models to solve the same types of problems and discuss connections between the models.
This video demonstrates how to use fraction circles to compare the value of fractions with unlike denominators. This example compares 5/6 and 5/8. In this example students can see that 5/6 is greater than 5/8. This will help them understand that although 8 is larger than 6, sixths are larger than eighths in fractions. Using fractions circles allows students to develop a solid conceptual understanding of how to compare fractions correctly.
This video demonstrates how to use different types of concrete manipulatives, such as fraction circles and Cuisenaire Rods, to compare fractions with like denominators. When students use models to compare fractions, they can place them side-by-side to determine which fraction represents a greater value. For students who struggle with visually comparing values, consider teaching them how to stack Cuisenaire Rods for a direct comparison. Note that, in this video with the fraction circles, the sets of fractions circles are not the same size. This may confuse some students, so it may be important to use identical sets of fraction circles.
This video demonstrates how to use fraction tiles to explore how different fractions can be equivalent to the same value, such as 1/2. It is important for students to understand that fractions have multiple representations because they can apply this knowledge to compare fractions, especially fractions with unlike denominators. For example, students can use the benchmark of 1/2 to determine that 1/4 is less than 4/6 by knowing that the equivalent fractions of 1/2 include 2/4 and 3/6.
This video demonstrates how to use fraction tiles to explore how fractions such as 4/4 are equivalent to 1. Before fractions are introduced in the curriculum, students use integers, which only have one value associated with the numeral or number word. Fractions may be the first time that students are introduced to the possibility that the same quantity can be represented with different representations, such as one whole and four fourths. Using models allows students to practice finding equivalent fractions, which is a prerequisite skill for performing computation with fractions.
This video demonstrates how to use fraction tiles to explore how different fractions can be equivalent to the same value, such as 1/5 and 2/10. It is important for students to understand that fractions have multiple representations because they can apply this knowledge to compare fractions, find common denominators, and perform computation with fractions.
This series of videos provides brief instructional examples for supporting students who need intensive instruction in the area of fractions. Within college- and career-ready standards fractions are typically taught in Grades 3-5. Developing an understanding of fractions as numbers includes part/whole relationship, number on the number line, equivalent fractions, whole numbers as fractions, and comparing fractions These videos may be used as these concepts are introduced, or with students in higher grade levels who continue to struggle with the concepts. Special education teachers, math interventionists, and others working with struggling students may find these videos helpful.